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Construction sites are quite an essential part of the modern world, but they are often targeted by
robbers and thieves who find the appeal of high-value goods at the construction site. Without
adequate and comprehensive construction site security measures, construction sites can face
hefty losses, which can cause a delay in work for weeks or even months. Security cameras and
security guards are effective at preventing crime at a location; however, security cameras that
record are only beneficial for providing evidence in court after a crime has already happened. In
addition, it is costly to hire security guards around the clock, which can mean your site will be
vulnerable during the evenings.
Fortunately, there are more cost-effective solutions that construction companies can employ to
transform their security systems from reactive to proactive – actively deterring threats and
providing real-time monitoring to facilitate immediate response by emergency services.
What threats does construction site security face?
Construction sites hold expensive equipment, materials, and tools, especially overnight, when
construction workers leave for the day. These high-value goods attract thieves, and they often
see them returning to the exact location to attempt another theft or vandalism. It’s not just tooled
substitute costs that construction sites have to deal with. Additional costs such as construction
delays, buying new machinery, fixing any damage, and replacing stolen things can add up
quickly, making it difficult to continue work in a short time frame.
There is also a threat to human life and well-being when construction workers are threatened or
injured during a burglary or due to vandalism on a construction site. This can also extend to less
traditionally malicious threats, such as protesters, that want to gain access to the area to disrupt
work.In addition to man-made risks and unauthorized access to construction sites, construction
sites are also vulnerable to natural hazards, including flooding, storm damage, and fires.
Conducting risk assessments
Everyone must know the risks involved in implementing security on a construction site. Before
the beginning of any work, a risk assessment or risk analysis should be performed to determine
the level of protection and the best security measures. To minimize or deter hazards, a detailed
risk assessment must include what threats the construction site must address, how severe the
risk is, and how best to implement safety measures.
For the organization to determine the level of threat of a particular risk and to what extent it
should be expected;
– Identify the risk
– Identify who is at risk and how they are affected
– Prioritize the list of risks from severe to negligible
– Identify what security measures are in place for each risk and what security measures need to
be put in place
– Regularly review the risk assessment as the work progresses through the various stages
Each risk must be weighed in terms of the cost of influence and the cost of mitigating the risk.
Suppose the impact cost is less than the cost of implementing security measures. In that case,
safety engineers may ignore the risk or treat it as harmless if the employee at risk is also healthy
and secure.
While every staff member and crew may not be involved in the risk assessment process, they
must be informed of the risks and what safety measures are in place to offset or prevent each
How to secure a construction site?
Maintaining security on construction sites is difficult due to their hectic nature, with many people,
vehicles, and equipment requiring access to the area throughout the day and through several
different entrances. Since construction sites commonly use perimeter fencing, these entrances
require monitoring to ensure that opportunistic individuals do not enter the site without proper
authorization. This can be tricky when each person has on-site responsibilities and is likely to be
involved in their to-do list. It is possible to hire dedicated site security, although this will be an
additional costly expense that will increase the project’s overall cost.
To best reduce the risk of crime on site, construction sites must be transformed into less
vulnerable targets for potential thieves and vandals. To achieve this, a comprehensive security
solution includes aspects of security that;
– Discourage unauthorized access to the property
– Detect activity
– Delayed actions
– Provide an immediate response
Implementing visible security measures is the best way to avoid robberies and vandalism.
Various security measures are available, including fences or security panels that are
impenetrable and unclimbable, gates that cannot be pinched or used to enter the premises,
visible CCTV cameras, and possibly on-site security. The more difficult a site is to access, the
less likely thieves or vandals will try to gain access.
Other measures include;
● Specifying the number of vehicles on site. All vehicles requiring entry or exit from the site
should receive proper authorization and be logged in, with access restricted for any
unscheduled deliveries or unmarked vehicles.
● Preventing access to vehicles by ensuring staff must enter on foot. This can help reduce
the number of active entry/exit points on site and, when implemented with full-height
turnstiles and access control, prevent access to anyone but authorized persons.
● Full coverage lighting that automatically turns on when natural light levels drop. While
the lights ensure that crews can work safely and see what they are doing, they are also
an excellent deterrent to thieves looking to get in. Lights, bulbs, and wiring should also
be protected to prevent vandalism.
● Install barriers such as high curbs, bollards, or ditches. These types of barriers deter
trespassers or vehicles trying to break into the site and can be installed along fences to
prevent trespassers from breaching the perimeter of your site.
● Use secure storage on the construction site. High-value materials such as copper
cables, pipes, and other precious metals should be safely stored on-site in dedicated
security locks. With expensive materials out of sight, thieves are less likely to take a risk
and attempt a break-in.
Detection safeguards serve two purposes – to detect an active threat that will result in theft,
damage, or harm and to secure evidence after a crime has been committed in court. Detection
methods can be divided into two categories – operational, which requires active human
involvement, and physical, i.e., technical and material infrastructure. Operational detection
provides increased threat deterrence and commonly involves patrolling security guards or
security teams on site; however, this can be costly and poses a risk to human life and
well-being. Alternatively, physical detection such as CCTV cameras, security lights, and access
control systems remove the threat to human life and can be more cost-effective.
The benefits of implementing advanced physical security measures include the following;
– Access to remote monitoring services. Virtual security of construction sites and remote
monitoring adds another protection to installed CCTV camera systems. Suspicious activity or
movement after hours will automatically alert operators in the security center, who will identify
the action, sound an audible warning and then contact the appropriate emergency services to
resolve the issue, as well as the on-site security or operations manager.
– Support for access control services. Only grant access to authorized participants after they
have been identified and recorded. Access control can also be extended to interior areas of a
construction site with laser light detection systems that send alerts when lasers are interrupted
by people and vehicles.
– Intrusion and fire detection equipment. They enable an immediate response to the
detection of unauthorized entry and fire or smoke. Security operators receive alerts, activate
access to live CCTV footage, and take appropriate action, contacting emergency services or
issuing audible warnings to warn trespassers that they are being watched.
Upon detection of unauthorized activity at the site, security operators working from the
observation center can issue an audible warning to deter intruders from venturing further into
the area. By implementing access control, operators can prevent rapid exit by locking and
securing additional entry points and disabling turnstiles, all while waiting for the emergency
services to come.Usually, an audible warning is enough to make trespassers leave the area;
however, with live CCTV imaging, trespassers who ignore signs are tracked, and emergency
services respond much more quickly to active monitoring messages.
Construction site security at Metropolitan Guards
At Metropolitan Guards, we are experienced in providing professional and bespoke security
Guard services for construction site security throughout Melbourne and Sydney. We have been
providing customized security solutions for last many years. We understand the risks and
threats facing construction sites and the measures needed to ensure the safety of goods,
equipment, and personnel.
Whether you require remote access control, remote monitoring services, lone worker protection,
or a bespoke security solution, our friendly and knowledgeable team are on hand to provide
advice and assistance. Our staff is highly trained in witnessing and pinpointing suspicious
behavior and will work 24/7 to protect your site, employees, and assets.
Contact us at 1300 73 11 73 to know we can help you with our professional security guard
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